A sign is something others, like the doctor, see, whilst a symptom is something that the patient discerns and explains. For example, drowsiness could be an indicator, but enlarged pupils are clues.
Drug Addiction - an addicted person cannot resist or restrict himself to the intake of the substance be it drug, alcohol, cigarette. He/she continues to use it, despite the fact that it may be harmful (the person may or may not be aware of the possible risk).
Being dependant on a substance can lead to strong cravings. The fanatic might need to surrender (quit), yet discovers it to a great degree hard to do as such without offer assistance.
The signs and symptoms of substance reliance change as indicated by the individual, the substance they are dependent on, their family history (hereditary qualities) and individual conditions.
The clues and indicators of addiction could be that:
Unsuccessful attempts at stopping - the person taking the substance, like nicotine, alcohol, or other drugs, has made at least on serious try at stopping and was unable to.
Withdrawal side effects - when body levels of that substance go beneath a specific level the patient has physical and disposition related manifestations. Some of these symptoms include cravings, moodiness, lack of focus, depression, frustration, anger, or resentment.
There could be a sudden increase in appetite. Sleeplessness is a typical symptom of withdrawal. Constant vomiting and constipation may also occur in some situations. Depending on the substance, withdrawal might also cause violence, tremors, seizures, hallucinations, and sweating.
Even with the knowledge that health problems exist, addiction continues - The person keeps taking the substance on a regular basis, even though negative health problems are becoming apparent. Example is a smoker not giving up smoking even when they have been diagnosed of a related heart or lung disease.
Social as well as recreational sacrifices - a few exercises are surrendered due to a dependence on something. A drunkard might choose not to go camping or boat ride if there will not be alcohol or a smoker might choose not to join his friends if they are meeting in a no-smoke pub or hotel.
Keeping a good supply - the person always makes sure they have access to the substance, even if they don't have a lot of money. They may ensure that this substance is made available by dipping into the budget of the entire home.
Taking risks (1) - in certain instances the addicted person might undertake risks to ensure he/she can get his/her substance, like stealing or exchanging sex for drugs/cash.
Taking risks (2) - while affected by a few substances addict may take part in unsafe exercises, for example, fast driving.
Dealing with problems - they always have the belief that they cannot handle their issues without drugs.
Fixation - an addict may spend more energy and time concentrating on manners of to get his/her drug, and in certain instances on how to use the drug.
Secrecy and solitude - often, addicts will take their substance alone and in secret.
Lack of acceptance - Many people addicted people refuse to accept. They either do not know or will not acknowledge that there is a problem.
Excess consumption - the individual takes too much of drugs, nicotine or alcohol in some cases of addiction. The effects can be physical symptoms, like a bad lasting cough (in the case of heavy smokers) and a sore throat, or blackouts (fail to remember moments).
Dropping hobbies and activities - with time, the person may start shying away from those activities that makes him happy before. Chain smokers might not be strong anymore to participate in sports they once enjoyed.
Having reserves - the addict might have small reserves of his/her substance concealed in various areas of the car/house; frequently in improbable spots.
Taking an initial large dose - alcohol abuse normally has this symptom. The person my down drinks in an attempt to become intoxicated and then feel great.
Having problems with the law - many of the drug and alcohol addicts(except nicotine) suffer this problem. It may be because the individual cannot judge right, thus do things they normally won't do, or deliberately do something unlawful to obtain the substance.
Budgetary troubles - if the substance is costly the dependent individual may yield a considerable measure to ensure its supply is secured. In the case of cigarettes, it will cost a 40-a-day smoker up to '660 per month and about '8,000 per year in the UK and other parts of Europe and the UK where a packet of twenty sticks is sold at about '11.
Relationship troubles - drug and alcohol addictions can cause a lot of relationship problems.
Some people who abuse drugs or alcohol might not be technically addicted but can still suffer the effects mentioned here but do not usually suffer from withdrawal symptoms or have the same obsession to use the substance.